RETHINKING PARADIGMS

This year we are celebrating 100 years of opening of the Bauhaus School in Weimar. The combining of architecture, art and design in one entity gave us a distinct style later to be known as International. Though the school was short-lived, its influence was so powerful that many refer to Bauhaus as “The school that changed the world”.

Throughout history, there were many architectural schools that gave rise to new styles and new approaches in creating architecture. Around the same time, the Vkhutemas school in Moscow gave us Russian constructivism. Ecole des Beaux-Arts gave us the Beaux-Arts Style, Glasgow School of Art gave us their special Art Nouveau Style, Sao Paolo Faculty of Architecture, the Paulista school, gave us Brazilian Brutalism, and the list goes on. However, no school will have proved as influential as Bauhaus, and no other modern style will have stayed with us for so long.

So now, 100 years later, it seems the right time to ask ourselves: Are the principles that were thought up in Bauhaus still applicable in today’s world, or do we need to rethink its teachings? Do we need a new school with new paradigm? Does this school already exist?

Furthermore, in this new, faster world, where, for the first time in history, it seems possible for several truths to coexist, not to mention the ever increasing technical demands in designing architecture (BIM, complex legislations, etc.), we could even ask ourselves if architectural schools are still in a position to be driving forces of new paradigms? Maybe the discipline is becoming too complex and too regulated and the offices have taken over this search for new development? As we no longer need to be in the same room to exchange ideas in this interconnected world, can new paradigms still be developed in the same way? Or, to be even more provocative, do we need new overall paradigm at all, or is the world finally mature enough to allow for multiple paradigms to coexist and complement each other?

These are the topics we will discuss with our guest lecturers from around the world. Through presentation of their work, we will look behind the scene and explore their approach to architecture. It should make for an interesting debate…

Dean Lah
Days of Architecture 2019 Sarajevo, curator